Stepper 13 Click

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  • MIKROE-3736
  • MIKROE-3736
Stepper 13 Click  is a bipolar step motor driver. It features an H-bridge bipolar step... more
Product information "Stepper 13 Click"

Stepper 13 Click is a bipolar step motor driver. It features an H-bridge bipolar step motor driver, which supports full-, half-, quarter-, or eighth-step modes. Stepper 13 click also carries a port expander so that the communication can be done with a minimal number of pins, through the mikroBUS™ I2C bus. This click board™ offers thermal protection, integrated kickback voltage protection, it has a wide range of input voltage, protection against current shoot-through the H-Bridge and high current capability. These features make Stepper 13 click an ideal solution for driving motors in any application that demands a precise and safe step motor driver.

Stepper 13 click is supported by a mikroSDK compliant library, which includes functions that simplify software development. This Click board™ comes as a fully tested product, ready to be used on a system equipped with the mikroBUS™ socket.

 

Stepper 13 click operates from a supply voltage of up to 35V and can deliver motor currents up to 2.5A (depending on use case and thermal conditions). It also can operate a bipolar stepper motor in full-, half-, quarter-, or eighth-step modes. Thanks to internal safety features, such as over-current protection (OCP), input over-voltage protection (OVP), under-voltage lockout (UVLO), and thermal shutdown, this click board™ is perfectly suited for rapid development of various stepper motor applications, including ATM-related applications, toys, 3D printers, mechatronics, robotics-related applications, etc.

HOW DOES IT WORK?

This click board™ is equipped with two integrated circuits. The step motor driver IC is the MP6500, a dual full-bridge motor driver from MPS. This IC internal structure is somewhat symmetrical. It features two MOSFET H-bridges used to drive two coils of a bipolar step motor in both directions. The MP6500 uses a wide input voltage range - from 4.5V to 35V. This is the voltage used to energize the motor coils. A jumper (JP3) is used to select whether to use external power supply or to obtain the power supply from the mikroBUS™ +5V rail. The MP6500 has two PHASE inputs which are used to control the direction of current flow through H-bridges and thus, the motor coils. It also allows controlling step motor in both full step and half step modes, by toggling states on MS1 and MS1 pins.

Shop Click BoardsMotor ControlStepper 13 click

The bipolar step motor coils can be connected to the onboard screw terminals. There are two terminals, used to connect each of the step motor coils. The third connector is used to connect an external voltage, ranging from 4.5V to 35V, depending on the used motor voltage requirements. It should be noted that without a valid external voltage connected to this terminal, the motor will not work. Also, it should be noted that 40V is an absolute maximum voltage allowed as per datasheet, thus the overtemperature protection might be activated when driving heavier loads. The recommended maximum voltage should not exceed 35V, as stated on the silkscreen layer of the PCB.

All of the MP6500 control lines are routed to the second IC on Stepper 13 board, which is the PCA9538A, a well-known 8bit I/O expander with a serial interface, used on many of the MikroElektronika’s designs for its simplicity and reliability. It allows the control lines of the MP6500 IC to be driven via the I2C and few pins it uses - reducing the required pin count of the Stepper 13 click. This also allows for sending compact I2C messages, instead of toggling several pins at once - which can introduce problems with timing sometimes, especially when those pins belong to different MCU ports. By changing states of the six control pins, it is possible to drive the step motor in full step mode as well as the half step mode. However, provided MikroElektronika libraries contain simple and intuitive functions to fully control the bipolar step motor, connected to Stepper 13 click. Their usage is demonstrated in the included example application, which can be used as a reference for a custom design.

The motor power supply can be connected to the input terminal labeled as VIN and should be within the range of 4.5V to 35V. Stepper motor coils can be connected to the terminals labeled as A1, B2, B1, and A2. The Click board™ supports an optional external power supply for the motor in order to work. However, it also requires 3.3V from the mikroBUS™ rail.

SPECIFICATIONS

 

Type Stepper
Applications Various stepper motor applications, including ATM-related applications, toys, 3D printers, mechatronics, robotics-related applications, etc.
On-board modules MP6500 Dual Full-Bridge 35V, 2.5A, Stepper Motor Driver, from MPS; PCA9538A 8bit I/O Expander with Serial Interface, from NXP
Key Features Thermal protection, integrated kickback voltage protection, it has a wide range of input voltage, protection against current shoot-through the H-Bridge and high current capability
Interface GPIO,I2C
Click board size M (42.9 x 25.4 mm)
Input Voltage 5V

 

PINOUT DIAGRAM

This table shows how the pinout on Stepper 13 click corresponds to the pinout on the mikroBUS™ socket (the latter shown in the two middle columns).

NotesPinMikrobus logo.pngPinNotes
  NC 1 AN PWM 16 STP Step Control
  NC 2 RST INT 15 INT Interrupt  Out
Reset In RST 3 CS RX 14 NC  
  NC 4 SCK TX 13 NC  
  NC 5 MISO SCL 12 SCL I2C Clock
  NC 6 MOSI SDA 11 SDA I2C Data
  NC 7 3.3V 5V 10 5V Power Supply
Ground GND 8 GND GND 9 GND Ground

ONBOARD SETTINGS AND INDICATORS

LabelNameDefault Description
LD1 PWR - Power LED Indicator
JP1 VM Left Power select jumper for port expander: left position 5V, right EXT
TB1 Screw terminal - Terminal used for connecting the first coil of the step motor
TB2 Screw terminal - Terminal used for connecting the external input voltage
TB3 Screw terminal - Terminal used for connecting the second coil of the step motor

STEPPER 13 CLICK ELECTRICAL SPECIFICATIONS

DescriptionMinTypMaxUnit
Receiver inputs voltage range 4.5 - +35 V
Receiver inputs voltage range - - 2.5 A

SOFTWARE SUPPORT

We provide a library for the Stepper 13 Click on our LibStock page, as well as a demo application (example), developed using MikroElektronika compilers. The demo can run on all the main MikroElektronika development boards.

Library Description

Library carries everything needed for stepper motor control including speed and acceleration setup. Library is also adjustable to working on different amount of ticks per second, also speed and acceleration can be provided in float format. Buffer used for movement calculation is defined by user so this library can be adjusted for MCUs with very limited RAM resources. Check documentation for more details how to use it.

Key functions:

  • uint8_t stepper13_setSpeed( float minSpeed, float maxSpeed, float accelRatio, T_STEPPER13_OBJ obj ) - Setup motor speed
  • uint8_t stepper13_setRoute( const uint8_t direction, uint32_t steps, T_STEPPER13_OBJ obj ) - Setup new route
  • void stepper13_start( T_STEPPER13_OBJ obj ) - Start motor movement

Examples description

The application is composed of three sections :

  • System Initialization - Initializes all GPIO pins found on Stepper_13 Click and timer to 1ms interrupt.
  • Application Initialization - First segment initializes driver and stepper control. Second segment setup movement limits, maximum and minimum speed, and acceleration ratio. Third segment enables motor and setup new route which will be called from application task.
  • Application Task - (code snippet) - Sequentialy moves motor. First part of sequence executes movement until the end. Second part stop motor movement after one second and continues sequence after two seconds.
void applicationTask()
{
stepper13_start( (T_STEPPER13_OBJ)&myStepper );
while ( myStepper.status.running )
{
stepper13_process( (T_STEPPER13_OBJ)&myStepper );
}
Delay_ms( 2000 );
stepper13_start( (T_STEPPER13_OBJ)&myStepper );
Delay_ms( 1000 );
stepper13_stop( (T_STEPPER13_OBJ)&myStepper );
Delay_ms( 2000 );
}

In addition to library function calls example carries necessay Timer ISR and Timer initialization. Check Timer initialization setings and update it according to your MCU - Timer Calculator.

The full application code, and ready to use projects can be found on our LibStock page.

Additional notes and informations

Depending on the development board you are using, you may need USB UART clickUSB UART 2 click or RS232 click to connect to your PC, for development systems with no UART to USB interface available on the board. The terminal available in all MikroElektronika compilers, or any other terminal application of your choice, can be used to read the message.

MIKROSDK

This Click board™ is supported with mikroSDK - MikroElektronika Software Development Kit. To ensure proper operation of mikroSDK compliant Click board™ demo applications, mikroSDK should be downloaded from the LibStock and installed for the compiler you are using.

For more information about mikroSDK, visit the official page.

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