Angle 2 Click

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  • MIKROE-2338
  • MIKROE-2338
  Besides the standard SPI interface used to interface with the host MCU, the MA700... more
Product information "Angle 2 Click"

 

Besides the standard SPI interface used to interface with the host MCU, the MA700 sensor IC features the quadrature encoded outputs so that it can directly replace similar mechanical devices. The advantages of a contactless quadrature encoder are many, therefore Angular 2 click is equipped with a three-pin header, offering an easy access to these outputs. An OTP memory can be utilized to permanently store application-specific settings, such as the zero-angle position. Features such as the low-latency angular data acquisition, high reliability of the Spinaxis technology, the embedded quadrature encoder outputs, make the Angle 2 click a perfect solution for various applications that require a reliable angle sensing. It can be used for servo drives, in various robotic and automotive applications, for the BLDC motor speed detection, as the mechanical quadratic encoder replacement, and more.

How does it work?

Angle 2 click is based on the MA700 IC, an angular sensor for position control with side-shaft positioning capability, produced by Monolithic Power Systems (MPS). This IC has a set of features, critical for high-speed angular position sensing applications: it utilizes the Spinaxis frontend that allows very fast data output rates up to 500kHz, and a very low-latency data output, down to 3 µs, even when using the data filtering and conditioning options. This makes it suitable for measuring the angle of the motor shaft in various high-speed applications, such as BLDC motor applications. It can be used at speeds up to 100,000 RPM, still retaining its accuracy.

Angle 2 click

The magnetic field is only sensed along the horizontal (XZ) plane by utilizing an array of aligned Hall sensors. This allows sampling of the absolute angular position of a diametrically magnetized cylinder, typically attached at the end of the rotor shaft. Unlike some other methods, the Spinaxis does not require heavy mathematical calculations, as it is based on the phase detection, directly digitizing the magnetic field direction. This is the key to an extremely low output latency of 3µs. This also allows very accurate angular position reading, as the actual physical angle coincidences with the 11-bit data available at the output, due to practically no conversion delay. The Spinaxis frontend also allows off-axis placement of the permanent magnet, as the MA700 features built-in linearization for the side-shaft mounting in a form of an offset register. This relaxes the mechanical demands of the user application.

The incremental quadrature encoder function uses three output pins: A, B, and Z. The A signal pulses 256 times during a full revolution. The B signal is shifted by a quarter of the pulse period, depending on the direction of the rotation. The application can use this fact to determine the direction of the rotation. The Z signal pulses once per 360°. The pulses on A and B outputs are affected by jitter, which can cause the output to be inconsistent if used at speeds over 30,000 RPM. For high-speed applications, using the SPI interface is recommended. The A, B, and Z pins of the MA700 IC are routed to a standard, 2.54 mm (0.1 inches) pitch 1x3 header, mounted on the Angle 2 click, so it can be easily accessed by an external application.

The MA700 also features the one-time programmable (OTP) memory, which allows the working parameters of the IC to be stored as the default values. This allows a lot of flexibility for a project design since the factory pre-flashed default values might not always fit the requirements of the specific application. A typical example might be the zero-position configuration: if the sensor must be fixed to a certain angle which has to be the start position for the angle counting (the zero angle), the user application would have to internally re-calculate values to compensate, introducing more latency. The ability to define own default settings is certainly a useful option. However, flashing the OTP memory is a sensitive process, as there is very little room for an error (being one-time programmable). The datasheet of the MA700 offers a detailed guide for flashing the OTP, while Angle 2 click offers an external power supply (PSU) connector, implemented as the standard 2.54mm 1x2 header. The OTP flashing requires a separate PSU of 4V to be used.

The SPI communication consists of the read/write (R/W) command, an address of the register, and the data. The R/W command and the address are two 4-bit values, while the data is a single 8-bit value. The MA700 datasheet contains the detailed information on all the commands, however, Angle 2 click comes with the library that contains very simplified angle reading functions, as well as the functions used for an easy configuring of the Angle 2 click. The MA700 SPI pins are routed to the respective pins of the mikroBUS™, allowing easy and reliable interfacing with the host MCU.

Specifications

Type Magnetic
Applications An ideal solution for a wide variety of contactless angle measurement applications. It can be used for servo drives, in various robotic and automotive applications, for the BLDC motor speed detection, as the mechanical quadratic encoder replacement, and more
On-board modules MA700 IC, an angular sensor for position control with side-shaft positioning capability, produced by Monolithic Power Systems (MPS)
Key Features Accurate sensing of the magnetic angle at up to 100,000 RPM, good linearity and low error margin even when used with the off-axis magnets, latency-free Spinaxis technology, OTP memory for permanent storing of the default parameters, etc.
Interface SPI
Input Voltage 3.3V
Click board size M (42.9 x 25.4 mm)

Pinout diagram

This table shows how the pinout on Angle 2 Click corresponds to the pinout on the mikroBUS™ socket (the latter shown in the two middle columns).

NotesPinMikrobus logo.pngPinNotes
  NC 1 AN PWM 16 NC  
  NC 2 RST INT 15 NC  
SPI chip Select CS 3 CS RX 14 NC  
SPI Clock SCK 4 SCK TX 13 NC  
SPI Data OUT SDO 5 MISO SCL 12 NC  
SPI Data IN SDI 6 MOSI SDA 11 NC  
Power supply 3.3V 7 3.3V 5V 10 NC  
Ground GND 8 GND GND 9 GND Ground

Onboard settings and indicators

LabelNameDefaultDescription
PWR PWR - Power LED indicator
J1 - Left Power supply for the OTP programming (4V)
J2 - - A, B, Z quadrature encoder outputs

Software support

We provide a library for the Angle 2 click on our LibStock page , as well as a demo application (example), developed using MikroElektronika compilers. The demo can run on all the main MikroElektronika development boards.

Library Description

The library can perform a control of the Angle 2 Click board. Also can measure the angle value in degrees with a range of 0 deg to 359.91 deg. Zero position setting also can be performed by using this library. The library offers a choice to save content of an entire selected register in OTP memory. For more details check documentation.

Key functions:

  • T_ANGLE2_DEG_VAL angle2_writeReg( uint8_t regAddr, uint8_t dataIn ) - Function writes one byte data to the register.
  • T_ANGLE2_DEG_VAL angle2_getAngle( void ) - Function returns angle value in degrees with a range from 0 to 359.91.
  • void angle2_setZeroScale( T_ANGLE2_DEG_VAL zeroDeg ) - Function sets a zero position value in degrees with 12-bit resolution.

Examples description

The application is composed of the three sections :

  • System Initialization - Initializes peripherals and pins.
  • Application Initialization - Initializes SPI interface in Mode 3 and performs a device configuration for properly working.
  • Application Task - (code snippet) - Reads angle value in degrees and logs results on uart terminal.
void applicationTask()
{
angle = angle2_getAngle();
FloatToStr( angle, text );
floatCut();
mikrobus_logWrite( "Angle is: ", _LOG_TEXT );
mikrobus_logWrite( text, _LOG_TEXT );
mikrobus_logWrite( " deg", _LOG_LINE );
Delay_ms( 200 );
}

Additional Functions :

  • void floatCut()  - Makes float value to be rounded on two decimal places.


The full application code, and ready to use projects can be found on our LibStock page.

Other mikroE Libraries used in the example:

  • Conversions
  • SPI
  • UART

Additional notes and information

Depending on the development board you are using, you may need USB UART clickUSB UART 2 clickor RS232 click to connect to your PC, for development systems with no UART to USB interface available on the board. The terminal available in all MikroElektronika compilers, or any other terminal application of your choice, can be used to read the message.

mikroSDK

This click board is supported with mikroSDK - MikroElektronika Software Development Kit. To ensure proper operation of mikroSDK compliant click board demo applications, mikroSDK should be downloaded from the LibStock and installed for the compiler you are using.

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