WiFi 9 Click

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  • MIKROE-3666
  • MIKROE-3666
WiFi 9 Click  is fully embedded stand-alone Wi-Fi module, equipped with the PAN9420 a 2.4... more
Product information "WiFi 9 Click"

WiFi 9 Click is fully embedded stand-alone Wi-Fi module, equipped with the PAN9420 a 2.4 GHz ISM band Wi-Fi-embedded module which includes a wireless radio and an MCU for easy integration of Wi-Fi connectivity into various electronic devices. This module combines a high-performance CPU with Wireless radio and integrated memory, which offers many features like webpage storing of HTML or image data, possibility to work in access point or infrastructure mode, and dual UART interface for communication with the host controllers.

WiFi 9 click is supported by a mikroSDK compliant library, which includes functions that simplify software development. This Click board™ comes as a fully tested product, ready to be used on a system equipped with the mikroBUS™ socket.

This board is featuring PAN9420 a 2.4 GHz 802.11 b/g/n embedded Wi-Fi module with integrated stack and API that minimizes firmware development and includes a full security suite. The module is specifically designed for highly integrated and cost-effective applications. The module includes a fully shielded case, integrated crystal oscillators, and a chip antenna.

HOW DOES IT WORK?

The WiFi 9 click comes equipped with the PAN9420, a full embedded Wi-FI module from Panasonic. The module combines a high-performance CPU, high-sensitivity wireless radio, baseband processor, medium access controller, encryption unit, boot ROM with patching capability, internal SRAM, and in-system programmable flash memory. The module’s integrated QSPI flash memory is available to the application for storing web content such as HTML pages or image data.

Click Boards Wireless Connectivity WiFi 9 click

Parallel support of access point and infrastructure mode allows easy setup of simultaneous Wi‑Fi connections from the module to smart devices and home network routers. The pre‑programmed Wi-Fi SoC firmware enables client (STA), micro access point (µAP), and Ad‑hoc mode (Wi-Fi Direct) applications. With the transparent mode, raw data can be sent from the UART to the air interface to smart devices, web servers, or PC applications.

For working with PAN9420 module at your disposal are two data UART interfaces, one for command and another for transparent data. In order to enable simultaneous communication between the module and host MCU through one UART on mikroBUS™ socket we have added 74HC4052 multiplexer from Nexperia USA Inc.

For selecting between UART0/UART1 you may use ADR pin (ADDRES):

ADR pin stateModule pinsSelected Interface
LOW TXD0/RXD0 UART0
HIGH TXD/RXD UART1

On the WiFi 9 click board several status LED’s are implemented for easiest visual monitoring of the module states like MCU heartbeat, IP connectivity, Errors, WiFi connection and Booting.

The PAN9420 supports Over-the-Air firmware updates. In order to make use of this feature, the customer needs to ensure that the appropriate preconditions are fulfilled and that a suitable environment is provided, particularly with regard to:

  • Module configuration
  • Utilization of the related module interface commands
  • Server infrastructure and application

The PAN9420 module is operated at 3.3V. Having in mind its absolute maximum ratings, it is not advisable to use the Click board™ with MCUs that use logic voltage levels up to 5V.

SPECIFICATIONS

 

Type WiFi
Applications Contains all necessary IoT functionality perfectly suited for IoT applications which require simultaneous support of Access-Point- and Infrastructure mode
On-board modules Full featured standalone WiFi module PAN9420 from Panasonic, a 2.4 GHz ISM module which includes a wireless radio and an MCU
Key Features Full-featured embedded network stack, integrated webserver, over-the-air firmware updates, integrated QSPI flash memory for customer web contents or configuration file storing
Interface GPIO,UART
Click board size L (57.15 x 25.4 mm)
Input Voltage 3.3V

 

PINOUT DIAGRAM

This table shows how the pinout on WiFi 9 click corresponds to the pinout on the mikroBUS™ socket (the latter shown in the two middle columns).

NotesPinMikrobus logo.pngPinNotes
Address Select ADR 1 AN PWM 16 MCU MCU Reset
Reset RST 2 RST INT 15 CTS Clear to Send
Request to Send RTS 3 CS RX 14 TX UART Transmit
  NC 4 SCK TX 13 RX UART Receive
  NC 5 MISO SCL 12 NC  
  NC 6 MOSI SDA 11 NC  
Power Supply 3.3V 7 3.3V 5V 10 NC  
Ground GND 8 GND GND 9 GND Ground

ONBOARD SETTINGS AND INDICATORS

LabelNameDefault Description
T1 RESET - Reset button for firmware rebooting
LD1 MCU - MCU status (heartbeat) LED
LD2 IP - IP connectivity (allocated IP) status LED
LD3 ERROR - Error (active during booting) status LED
LD4 STAT - Wireless (Wi-Fi) status LED
LD5 READY - MCU ready (booting ready) status LED
LED GREEN PWR - Power LED Indicator

WIFI 9 CLICK LED STATUS LEGEND

LEDApplicationLED Function
MCU OFF: Shut-off
BLINK (1sec): Firmware active
MCU status (heartbeat)
IP OFF: no IP assigned
ON: IP assigned
IP connectivity in Infrastructure mode
ERROR OFF: no error
ON: error appeared
MCU Firmware Error
STAT OFF: no AP connection
BLINK (0.2 s): Scanning for AP
BLINK (0.4 s): trying to connect to AP
BLINK (1.2 s): WLAN Error
ON: Associated with AP
WLAN connectivity in
Infrastructure mode
READY OFF: Shut-off ON: Firmware ready Firmware application is ready
PWR ON: Click board is powered on
OFF: Click boards is missing power
Power LED Indicator

SOFTWARE SUPPORT

We provide a library for the WiFi 9 click on our LibStock page, as well as a demo application (example), developed using MikroElektronika compilers. The demo can run on all the main MikroElektronika development boards.

Library Description

Library carries generic command parser adopted for WiFi 9 command based modules.
Generic parser

Key functions:

  • wifi9_cmdSingle - Sends provided command to the module.
  • wifi9_setHandler - Handler assignation to the provied command.
  • wifi9_modulePower - Turn on module.

Examples description

The application is composed of three sections :

  • System Initialization - Initializes all necessary GPIO pins, UART used for the communcation with WIFI module and UART used for infromation logging.
  • Application Initialization - Initializes driver, power on module and a procedure has been created with commands where the module connects to the WIFI router and opens the Netcat server.
  • Application Task - running in parallel core state machine.
void applicationInit()
{
// TIMER INIT
wifi9_configTimer();
// DRIVER INIT
wifi9_uartDriverInit((T_WIFI9_P)&_MIKROBUS1_GPIO, (T_WIFI9_P)&_MIKROBUS1_UART);
wifi9_coreInit( wifi9_default_handler, 1500 );
// MODULE POWER ON
wifi9_hfcEnable( 0 );
wifi9_modulePower( 1 );
wifi9_selectUart(_WIFI9_SELECT_CMD_UART);
Delay_ms( 4000 );
mikrobus_logWrite( "---------------------", _LOG_LINE );
mikrobus_logWrite( "---- System Info ----", _LOG_LINE );
mikrobus_logWrite( "---------------------", _LOG_LINE );
wifi9_cmdSingle(&_WIFI9_CMD_GET_SYSTEM_FIRMWARE[0]);
Delay_ms( 500 );
wifi9_cmdSingle(&_WIFI9_CMD_GET_SYSTEM_MAC_ADDR[0]);
Delay_ms( 500 );
wifi9_cmdSingle(&_WIFI9_CMD_GET_SYSTEM_SERIAL_NUM[0]);
Delay_ms( 500 );
wifi9_cmdSingle(&_WIFI9_CMD_GET_SYSTEM_RADIO_VER[0]);
Delay_ms( 500 );
wifi9_cmdSingle(&_WIFI9_CMD_GET_SYSTEM_BOOTL_VER[0]);
Delay_ms( 500 );
wifi9_cmdSingle(&_WIFI9_CMD_GET_SYSTEM_HW_REV[0]);
Delay_ms( 5000 );
mikrobus_logWrite( "--------------------------", _LOG_LINE );
mikrobus_logWrite( "---- Start NETCAT app ----", _LOG_LINE );
mikrobus_logWrite( "--------------------------", _LOG_LINE );
mikrobus_logWrite( "> Reads the current Station status", _LOG_LINE );
wifi9_cmdSingle(&_WIFI9_CMD_GET_WLAN_STATE_STA[0]);
Delay_ms( 2000 );
mikrobus_logWrite( "> Set Station to ON status", _LOG_LINE );
wifi9_cmdSingle(&_WIFI9_CMD_SET_WLAN_STATE_STA_ON[0]);
Delay_ms( 2000 );
mikrobus_logWrite( "> Sets Station SSID and PASSWORD", _LOG_LINE );
wifi9_cmdSingle(&_WIFI9_CMD_SET_WLAN_CFG_STA[0]);
Delay_ms( 4000 );
mikrobus_logWrite( "> Turn OFF - Netcat module", _LOG_LINE );
wifi9_cmdSingle(&_WIFI9_CMD_SET_NETCAT_STATE_OFF[0]);
Delay_ms( 2000 );
mikrobus_logWrite( "> Turn ON - Netcat module", _LOG_LINE );
wifi9_cmdSingle(&_WIFI9_CMD_SET_NETCAT_STATE_ON[0]);
Delay_ms( 2000 );
mikrobus_logWrite( "> Sets the Netcat module as a server with port 1234", _LOG_LINE );
wifi9_cmdSingle(&_WIFI9_CMD_SET_NETCAT_CFG_SERVER[0]);
Delay_ms( 2000 );
mikrobus_logWrite( "> Excludes Netcat authentication", _LOG_LINE );
wifi9_cmdSingle(&_WIFI9_CMD_SET_NETCAT_AUTH_OFF[0]);
Delay_ms( 2000 );
mikrobus_logWrite( "> Gets the current received IP address", _LOG_LINE );
wifi9_cmdSingle(&_WIFI9_CMD_GET_NET_CFG_STA[0]);
Delay_ms( 2000 );
mikrobus_logWrite( "> At the moment, a netcat server at port 1234 has been built", _LOG_LINE );
mikrobus_logWrite( "> The module is transferred to BIN-UART - for data collection", _LOG_LINE );
wifi9_selectUart(_WIFI9_SELECT_BIN_UART);
Delay_ms( 5000 );
}

Additional Functions :

All additional functions such as timer initialization and default handler.

Notes :

  • First hold the reset button on the click board for about 5 seconds so that the module would perform a factory reset.
  • When the module turns on and writes "factory reset" on the terminal.
  • it's ready to be configured.
  • In the example we've created a procedure that connects your module to WiFi network and sends commands for creating Netcat server with port (1234).
  • After all commands are finished executing, it is necessary to create a Netcat client on a terminal (we used Cygwin64 terminal).
  • In the example only some of the supported commands were used.
  • the rest you can find in the technical documentation.
  • Keep in mind that the click board uses two UART modules.
  • CMD-UART(for sending commands) and BIN-UART(for sending the data)..

The full application code, and ready to use projects can be found on our LibStock page.

Other mikroE Libraries used in the example:

  • String
  • Conversion
  • UART

Additional notes and informations

Depending on the development board you are using, you may need USB UART clickUSB UART 2 click or RS232 click to connect to your PC, for development systems with no UART to USB interface available on the board. The terminal available in all MikroElektronika compilers, or any other terminal application of your choice, can be used to read the message.

MIKROSDK

This Click board™ is supported with mikroSDK - MikroElektronika Software Development Kit. To ensure proper operation of mikroSDK compliant Click board™ demo applications, mikroSDK should be downloaded from the LibStock and installed for the compiler you are using.

For more information about mikroSDK, visit the official page.

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