Accel 12 click

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  • MIKROE-3464
  • MIKROE-3464
The MC3216 is a low-noise, integrated digital output 3-axis accelerometer with a feature set... more
Product information "Accel 12 click"

The MC3216 is a low-noise, integrated digital output 3-axis accelerometer with a feature set optimized for cell phones and consumer product motion sensing. This allows very high integration and very small dimensions, at an affordable cost. Besides the size, features such as low power consumption, high precision of motion detection, high shock tolerance, and programming capabilities, make it a device which can be used for development of different types of motion detection based applications, including user interface control, gesture command, augmented reality, vehicle navigation, image stabilization in photography, electrical compass tilt compensation for cell phones and many other similar applications.

HOW DOES IT WORK?

Accel 12 click is based around the MC3216, a low-noise and low power 3-axis accelerometer, from mCube. It is an advanced, Single-chip, 3D silicon, microelectromechanical accelerometer sensor (MEMS), combined with the powerful data processing engine. There is a respective accelerometer MEMS on each axis. The output of each MEMS is processed and digitized by a sigma-delta 14-bit A/D converter (ADC), whose resolution can be chosen between 8-bit, 10-bit or 14-bit. The outputs can be processed by a low-pass filter, while their sample rate can be selected by the user from 0.25 to 256 samples/second. Three-axis accelerometer MEMS can be programmed to measure the acceleration along each axis, in four different acceleration ranges: ±2g, ±4g, ±8g, ±12g, and ±16g. The user can select an optimal range for both properties, depending on the application requirements.

Accel 12 Click inner image

The MC3216 incorporates a directional tap detection in ±X, ±Y or ±Z. Each axis is independent, although only one direction per axis is supported simultaneously. The threshold, duration, and dead-time of tap detection can be set for each axis, and six flag/status bits are maintained in a status register. The tap hardware uses a second-order high-pass filter to detect fast impulse/transition acceleration events. The interrupt pin (INT), which is routed to the INT pin on the mikroBUS™ socket can be used to indicate that a tap event has been detected.

The device has two states of operation: standby (the default state after power-up), and wake. The standby state offers the lowest power consumption. In this state, the I2C interface is active and all register reads and writes are allowed. There is no event detection, sampling, or acceleration measurement, and internal clocking is halted. Complete access to the register set is allowed in this state, but interrupts cannot be serviced. The device defaults to the standby state following power-up. The time to change states from standby to wake is less than 10uSec. In wake state, Continuous sampling and reading of sense data are available, and all registers except the Mode Control Register are read-only.

It is worth to mention that the current consumption varies depending on the state of operation and parameters set. In the standby state, it is typically 4μA, while in wake state it varies between 50μA up to 130μA, mostly depending on the sampling rate and converter resolution.

Accel 12 click uses the I2C communication interface. It has pull-up resistors connected to the mikroBUS™ 3.3V rail. Proper conversion of logic voltage levels should be applied before the Click board™ is used with MCUs operated with 5V.

SPECIFICATIONS

Type Motion
Applications It is a perfect solution for user interface control, gesture command, augmented reality, vehicle navigation, image stabilization in photography, electrical compass tilt compensation for cell phones and many other similar applications.
On-board modules MC3216, a low-noise, and low power 3-axis accelerometer.
Key Features The output of each axis is digitized by 14-bit ADC, Event Detection feature low power consumption, high precision of motion detection, high shock tolerance, and programming capabilities
Interface I2C
Input Voltage 3.3V
Click board size M (42.9 x 25.4 mm)

 

PINOUT DIAGRAM

This table shows how the pinout on Accel 12 Click corresponds to the pinout on the mikroBUS™ socket (the latter shown in the two middle columns).

NotesPinMikrobus logo.pngPinNotes
  NC 1 AN PWM 16 NC  
  NC 2 RST INT 15 INT Interrupt
  NC 3 CS RX 14 NC  
  NC 4 SCK TX 13 NC  
  NC 5 MISO SCL 12 SCL I2C Clock
  NC 6 MOSI SDA 11 SDA I2C Data
Power Supply 3.3V 7 3.3V 5V 10 NC  
Ground GND 8 GND GND 9 GND Ground

ONBOARD SETTINGS AND INDICATORS

LabelNameDefault Description
LD1 PWR - Power LED Indicator

SOFTWARE SUPPORT

We provide a library for the Accel 12 click on our LibStock page, as well as a demo application (example), developed using MikroElektronika compilers. The demo can run on all the main MikroElektronika development boards.

Library Description

The library initializes and defines the I2C bus driver and drivers that offer a choice for writing data in register. The library includes function for read X/Y/Z axis data and function for Tap detection interrupt. The user also has the function for configuration register and function for read interrupt state.

Key functions:

  • void accel12_getAxisData(int16_t *x_axis, int16_t *y_axis, int16_t *z_axis) - Accel axis data.
  • uint8_t accel12_getTapDetection() - Tap detection.
  • void accel12_configuration(uint8_t reg, uint8_t dataIn) - Functions for configuration register.

Examples description

The application is composed of three sections :

  • System Initialization - Initializes I2C module and sets INT pin as INPUT.
  • Application Initialization - Initialization driver init and configuration Accel measuremen and Tap detection interrupt.
  • Application Task - Reads the acceleration data in 3 axis and detects the tap on the axes. All data logs on the USB/UART every 1.5sec.
void applicationTask()
{
/* Accelerometer measurement */
accel12_getAxisData(&X_Axis, &Y_Axis, &Z_Axis);
IntToStr(X_axis, demoText);
mikrobus_logWrite(" X axis : ", _LOG_TEXT);
mikrobus_logWrite(demoText, _LOG_LINE);
IntToStr(Y_axis, demoText);
mikrobus_logWrite(" Y axis : ", _LOG_TEXT);
mikrobus_logWrite(demoText, _LOG_LINE);
IntToStr(Z_axis, demoText);
mikrobus_logWrite(" Z axis : ", _LOG_TEXT);
mikrobus_logWrite(demoText, _LOG_LINE);
/* TAP interrupt */
tap = accel12_getTapDetection();
switch(tap)
{
case 1:
{
mikrobus_logWrite(" X Positive ", _LOG_LINE);
break;
}
case 2:
{
mikrobus_logWrite(" Y Positive ", _LOG_LINE);
break;
}
case 3:
{
mikrobus_logWrite(" Z Positive ", _LOG_LINE);
break;
}
case 4:
{
mikrobus_logWrite(" X Negative ", _LOG_LINE);
break;
}
case 5:
{
mikrobus_logWrite(" Y Negative ", _LOG_LINE);
break;
}
case 6:
{
mikrobus_logWrite(" Z Negative ", _LOG_LINE);
break;
}
}
mikrobus_logWrite("---------------------", _LOG_LINE);
Delay_ms( 1500 );
}

The full application code, and ready to use projects can be found on our LibStock page.

Other mikroE Libraries used in the example:

  • I2C

Additional notes and informations

Depending on the development board you are using, you may need USB UART clickUSB UART 2 click or RS232 click to connect to your PC, for development systems with no UART to USB interface available on the board. The terminal available in all MikroElektronika compilers, or any other terminal application of your choice, can be used to read the message.

MIKROSDK

This Click board is supported with mikroSDK - MikroElektronika Software Development Kit. To ensure proper operation of mikroSDK compliant Click board demo applications, mikroSDK should be downloaded from the LibStock and installed for the compiler you are using.

For more information about mikroSDK, visit the official page.

 
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