MCP73871 click

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  • MIKROE-2858
  • MIKROE-2858
  MCP73871 click  is a fully integrated solution for system power delivery and... more
Product information "MCP73871 click"

 

MCP73871 click is a fully integrated solution for system power delivery and Li-Po/Li-Ion battery charge management. The click features many Li-Po/Li-Ion battery charging optimizations, used to maximize the battery life. Some of the MCP73871 click features include constant current and voltage charging algorithms, overvoltage protection, automatic end of charge control, automatic recharge feature, preconditioning for depleted cells and thermal management.

All these features, coupled with the ability to simultaneously power up the system load and charge the connected battery, make this click a perfect solution for powering up many different battery-operated builds and projects, which use a rechargeable Li-Po/Li-Ion battery, but can also switch to an external power source.

How does it work

MCP73871 click uses the MCP73871 device, a system load sharing and Li-Po/Li-Ion battery charge management integrated circuit from Microchip. This device completely manages the power distribution, utilizing many different steps in this process.

The input voltage is constantly monitored and with no battery connected or with a battery element which is deeply depleted, the power to the connected load will be delivered straight from the external power supply, provided from the 5V rail of the mikroBUS™ socket. The current that can be delivered in this mode, depends on the limiting factor selected by the PRG2 pin. If the PRG2 pin is set to a LOW logic level, the current will be limited to 80mA - 100mA. If the PRG2 pin is set to a HIGH logic level, the current supplied to the load will be limited to 400mA - 500mA.

There are several conditions set by the MCP73871 device, that define the behavior of the power management logic. If there is a Li-Po/Li-Ion battery connected to the battery connector, the charging procedure will go through the following steps:

  • If the connected battery is deeply depleted and the CE (Charge Enable) pin is set to a HIGH logic level, the preconditioning mode is activated. The charging current is only a fraction of the regulated charging current, used for fast charging, preventing battery damage and overheating.
  • If the battery voltage is above the preconditioning threshold voltage set by the MCP73871 device, the fast charging will begin, and the charging current is set by the PRG2 pin, like described above and a voltage equal to 4.35V, as per factory settings of the MCP73871 IC.
  • When the charging complete conditions are met, the charger circuit will stop the charging process. The battery voltage is monitored, and when it falls under the recharge threshold, another charging cycle will be repeated.
  • During all the charging modes, the temperature of the MCP73871 die is monitored, so the charging current is regulated accordingly. The overtemperature protection will put the device in the shutdown mode, preventing damage.
  • If the Timer is enabled by the TE pin, it will be used to limit the charging time, if the battery voltage never reaches the end-of-charge condition.

The MCP73871 power-sharing system logic, enables to simultaneously charge and power up the system load, connected to the onboard output screw terminal. The power-sharing system is active at all times and always prioritizes connected load over the battery charging. Li-Po/Li-Ion battery can be connected to the onboard 2.54mm two-pin header. There are three LEDs that are used to indicate power good status, as well as the charging status. The status LED signalization is explained in the Status LED table, below.

Specifications

Type Battery charger
Applications A perfect solution for powering up many different battery-operated builds and projects, which are powered up by a rechargeable Li-Po/Li-Ion battery, but can also switch to an external power source while charging the battery.
On-board modules Microchip's MCP73871 - Stand-Alone System Load Sharing and Li-Ion/Li-Po Battery Charge Management Controller
Key Features Ability to simultaneously power up the system load and charge the connected Li-Ion/Li-Po battery by applying optimized battery charging algorithm.
Interface GPIO
Input Voltage 5V
Click board size M (42.9 x 25.4 mm)

Pinout diagram

This table shows how the pinout on MCP73871 click corresponds to the pinout on the mikroBUS™ socket (the latter shown in the two middle columns).

NotesPinMikrobus logo.pngPinNotes
Set Charging Current PG2 1 AN PWM 16 TE Enable Safety Timer
  NC 2 RST INT 15 NC  
Charge Enable CE 3 CS RX 14 NC  
  NC 4 SCK TX 13 NC  
  NC 5 MISO SCL 12 NC  
  NC 6 MOSI SDA 11 NC  
  NC 7 3.3V 5V 10 +5V Power Supply
Ground GND 8 GND GND 9 GND Ground

MCP73871 click electrical specifications

DescriptionMinTypMaxUnit
Charge Current (if PG2 is low) 80   100 mA
Charge current (if PG2 is high) 400   500 mA

Onboard settings and indicators

LabelNameDefault Description
LD1 PWR -

Power LED indicator, green

LD2 PG - Power good LED, blue
LD3 STAT2 - Status LED, green
LD4 STAT1 - Status LED, red
J1 VBAT - Battery connector
TB1 VOUT - External load connector

Status LEDs table 

Charge Cycle StateSTAT1STAT2PG
Shutdown (VCC=VBAT) Off Off Off
Shutdown (CE=L) Off Off On
Preconditioning On Off On
Constant Current On Off On
Constant Voltage On Off On
Charge Complete - Standby Off On On
Temperature Fault On On On
Timer Fault On On On
Low Battery Output On Off Off
No Battery Present Off Off On
No Input Power Present Off Off Off

Software support

We provide a library for MCP73871 click on our LibStock page, as well as a demo application (example), developed using MikroElektronika compilers. The demo can run on all the main MikroElektronika development boards.

Library description

Key functions:

void mcp73871_enablePinControl(uint8_t pinState)- Controls the enable pin, enabling or disabling the click as needed

void mcp73871_progPinControl(uint8_t pinState)- Sets the input current to either 100 or 500 mA

void mcp73871_timerPinControl(uint8_t pinState)- Enables or disables the safety timer

Example description

The application is composed of three sections:

  • System Initialization - Initializes required pins as outputs.
  • Application Initialization - Initializes the click driver, and enables the click board.
  • Application Task - This is the example of MCP73871 click functions usage. It enables this click, sets input current to 100mA, and enables safety timer.
void applicationTask()
{
//Enables the click - Note: this is already done in driver initialization
mcp73871_enablePinControl(1);
//Sets input current to 100 mA - Input value of 1 sets the current to 500 mA.
mcp73871_progPinControl(0);
//Enables safety timer
mcp73871_timerPinControl(0);
}

The full application code, and ready to use projects can be found on our LibStock page.

mikroSDK

This click board is supported with mikroSDK, the MikroElektronika Software Development Kit. To download mikroSDK visit LibStock. For more information about SDK, visit the official page.

 

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